Monday, June 30, 2014

Στοπ στην επιδότηση της υπεραλίευσης

Να επανεξετάσουν τις πολιτικές τους λαμβάνοντας υπόψη τις αρνητικές συνέπειες της υπεραλίευσης στους ωκεανούς κάλεσε τα κράτη μέλη της Ε.Ε. η επίτροπος Θαλάσσιας Πολιτικής και Αλιείας Μαρία Δαμανάκη.
Η Ελληνίδα επίτροπος σημείωσε ότι οι σχετικές κοινοτικές χρηματοδοτήσεις που ενίσχυαν την υπεραλίευση έχουν ήδη διακοπεί, υπογράμμισε ωστόσο ότι οι εθνικές επιδοτήσεις χωρών όπως η Ισπανία, η Γαλλία, η Βρετανία κ.ά. είναι της τάξεως του ενός δισ. ευρώ ετησίως.

Η Μ. Δαμανάκη δήλωσε επίσης ότι η Επιτροπή υποστηρίζει τις ενέργειες της διεθνούς οργάνωσης «Παγκόσμιος Ωκεανός» για τη βελτίωση του ελέγχου των δραστηριοτήτων στην ανοιχτή θάλασσα.
  • Global solutions to save the world's oceans (Maria Damanaki) ...

“Re-energising the Oceans” conference
Brussels, 30 June 2014:

....."Within the EU we have introduced transformational change with regard to fisheries. Since 1/1/2014 we have a new common fisheries policy, sustainable and science based, phasing out discarding and implementing the same principles for European vessels worldwide. Through this new policy we have banned all types of subsidies at European level, that lead to overcapacity and overfishing. Our European fund has no granting for fuel subsidies at all.
Allow me now to come to a global problem also mentioned in GOC report: illegal fisheries
Illegal fishing has to be eradicated from the high seas, and this is why the EU uses its diplomatic weight to push for rules like the UNCLOS or the United Nations Fish Stock Agreement to be enforced worldwide.
We also use our considerable market weight and I'm grateful to the Global Oceans Commission for highlighting this important aspect in its paper. In practice the EU requires that any fish import be accompanied by a catch certificate. In other words the fish has to be caught legally; otherwise it won't get into our market. And we go further.
We work with other world nations to promote compliance with international law. When a country clearly does not respect its international obligations, we give them a fair warning and time to set things straight. We have done so with 13 countries in the last two years. Ten of them then complied, but three didn’t. So earlier this year the EU adopted our first ever trade ban with Cambodia, Belize and Guinea Conakry.
In just over four years the EU has become the frontrunner in the fight against IUU and we are making a difference. Many third countries are now taking their international duties much seriously.
The EU is also stepping up its efforts to address the marine litter problem. It has agreed to set a reduction target for marine litter by 2020, to move towards Rio + 20 commitments. We In European Commission are going to propose this target soon.
On offshore oil and gas the EU has put in place the highest risk based standards for operation within its territory. We well come of course binding efforts for reducing risk, as well as ensuring effective emerging response, regardless of where operations take place, in line with the polluter pays principle."..............

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